March 29, 2023


General Blog

Which tests are included in the Pathology Lab

Pathology is the branch of science that deals with diseases and the causes of the various diseases that afflict human beings. Pathology helps in identifying the causal factors that can create certain infections and diseases in human beings. 

It helps doctors to diagnose the disease faster and to provide the right course of treatment as per the causal factor. In many cases, pathology helps in finding the reason for unexplained deaths, such as in forensics, and in other cases, it can help determine the course of infection or probable diseases. 

Typing ‘best pathology lab near me’ is one of the best ways to find the best pathological labs in the vicinity of a patient. Pathology labs offer many tests and packages these days that help patients carry out regular health checkups to keep a tab on their health, such as for those who have diabetes, cholesterol, arthritis, thyroid, heart issues, liver issues, etc. 

What are the types of Pathology?

There are many kinds of pathology, each one having its own type of findings and uses. Below are the types of pathology:

  • Anatomic Pathology

Deals with the study of the macro level of diseases such as tissues, organs, and the various formations such as tumors, cysts, and polyps that come into existence in the human body. This pathology is mostly useful for detecting cancerous cells in the body

  • Cytopathology

Cytopathology deals with more at the cellular level – it studies the cells and the changes in cells upon foreign changes such as an infection, attack of germs or viruses that disturb the cellular material, etc

  • Molecular Pathology

This is a more microscopic study of the cells that deals with genetic material, genetic coding, and other such material relating to DNA and RNA in the cells. It helps in identifying gene mutations that lead to various diseases in the body

  • Forensic Pathology

Forensic pathology helps in identifying the causes of death in individuals who have had suspicious demise due to various causes such as foreign infections and attacks. 

  • Hematopathology

Hematopathology helps in identifying diseases and infections of the blood – It helps in identifying risk factors from the changes in the blood such as texture and color or the properties of the blood. 

Types of Pathological Tests

To conduct blood tests and pathological tests, a patient must type ‘Pathological labs near me on the internet to identify the best pathology labs near me (the patient) in that specific location. A pathology lab offers many kinds of regular and diagnostic testing that help doctors in identifying the various issues in the human body, such as:

  • Blood sugar level

Blood sugar tests are one of the most common types of tests that help in calculating fasting blood sugar, PP (after food) and HBA1C test that helps in analyzing blood sugar over a few months aggregate

  • Cholesterol

Cholesterol tests detect the cholesterol level in the body, such as HDL, LDL, VLDL, Triglycerides, etc, that help in identifying the risk of heart disease.

  • Thyroid

A thyroid test helps in determining the level of thyroid hormone through tests such as T3, T4, and TSH that evaluate the changes in the level of hormone.

  • LFT and KFT

Liver Function Tests and Kidney Function Tests help in identifying any possible issues in the liver and kidney using tests such as Bile tests, bilirubin tests, uric acid tests, ammonia tests, etc.