March 29, 2023


General Blog

Types of Cataract Surgery You Need to Know

Cataracts are the opaque or cloudy parts of the lens of the eyes. Those opaque or cloudy areas can affect the vision of a person to a great extent. Those cloudy parts known as cataracts form slowly; hence, those usually occur in people over 50 to 55 years old. 

However, in some cases, younger people may also develop cataracts. Thus, to get rid of this troublesome issue of the eyes, you need to know everything about the types of cataract surgery, along with the best eye hospital in Mumbai. So, here are several pieces of information to help you out.

Though there is no proven way to stop cataracts from developing; however, quitting smoking and wearing sunglasses can help you to slow down the formation and development of this well-known issue. 

Recently, a few surgical procedures that help remove the eye lens and replace it with a synthetic lens are the most effective form of treating cataracts. So, here are the details of different types of cataract surgery.

Who might need surgery?

Not every person with cataracts needs to go through surgeries. In the initial stages, cataracts may cause some minor issues like nearsightedness. 

An expert ophthalmologist can solve those issues with glasses alone. As cataracts form slowly and worsen the vision gradually, those need surgery to prevent vision loss and other eye-related problems.

Types of cataract surgery with details

There are mainly two types of cataract surgery available recently. Such as:

  • Extracapsular surgery

This procedure includes making a large incision in the cornea of the eye. After that, the surgeon can remove the lens properly. Surgeons need to carry out this kind of surgery when the cloudy spots cannot be broken by phacoemulsification. 

  • SICS or Small incision cataract surgery

SICS or small incision cataract surgery is a more common procedure than the previous one. This procedure includes making a small incision into the cornea. This cornea is the eyes’ outermost layer, dome-shaped, and sits in front of the lens.

The surgeon then inserts a probe through that previously created incision into the cornea. That probe can break up the lens with the help of ultrasound waves, and hence, the surgeon can remove the lens in small parts. This procedure is well-known as phacoemulsification.

After that, the surgeon leaves the capsule of the lens and, in its place, inserts an artificial and new lens. Usually, this kind of incision in the cornea does not need any kind of sutures.

In some situations, a person may not be able to get an artificial lens because of other eye issues. In those situations, wearing the right contact lenses or eyeglasses may correct the vision-related issues.

What things may you expect during and after eye surgery?

  • Before surgery, the medical team will check your medical history and then prepare the patient for surgery. After that, the surgeon will start the procedure.
  • During the procedure, your doctor will give you medication to become relaxed. Though, you will remain awake during the surgery but will not be able to see what is happening.
  • Then the surgeon will perform the surgery and lastly, will place a protective shield over your eyes.

The entire process will take about 15 minutes if done in the best eye hospital in Mumbai.

Thus, you should choose the right squint specialist in Mumbai and eye hospital in Mumbai to get successful cataract surgery and enjoy perfect vision.